Ilex glabra Nordic has a compact and naturally rounded habit that needs little pruning to maintain a formal look. Inkberry holly varieties vary from thick 4-foot versions to the almost tree-like 8-foot tall giants. As the diseases cannot be cured, prevention by planting the inkberry in well-draining soil is your best bet. Male flowers grow in small clusters where leaves join the stems, female flowers are solitary. The Compact Inkberry is a small shrub and a type of holly that grows wild all down the eastern side of North America. It can be clipped into formal balls and hedges and it makes an easy-to-grow substitute for boxwood. As with any holly, full sun and well drained soil is a good idea. Ilex opaca, or Inkberry, is a variety of Holly that is native to the eastern and south-central portions of the United States. This dwarf holly with a dense, twiggy habit makes an excellent hedge or border plant with an abundance of black berries in fall that persist through winter, accenting the glossy evergreen foliage. Inkberry Holly has broad evergreen foliage. Berries about 1/4 inch in diameter, which may be either black or white, appear in mid-autumn and last until early spring. Thiophanate-methyl will help with Thielaviopsis root rot and etridiazole and metalaxyl with Phytophthora. Flowers of both sexes appear in late spring or early summer. Native to the southeastern and eastern coastal areas of the United States. My landscaping had 22 of these bushes. Highly adaptable, its modest size makes it ideal for small gardens. The branch supporting those leaves apparently dies. In late spring to early summer, it produces abundant small greenish-white flowers that are followed by a profusion of dark blue-black berries in fall. The canker causes similar symptoms to root rot, including yellowing of the leaves and dieback. Prune out diseased branches as you notice them and take better care of the holly, watering during drought and mulching to retain soil moisture. It spreads through spores in moist weather, which you can see with your naked eye as pinprick-sized pink dots in the leaf spots. Insect pests include holly leaf miner, bud moth, nematodes, spider mites, white fly, or scale. Native to the eastern United States, the inkberry shrub (Ilex glabra) might just be the answer to a problem area in your yard. These fungi attack the roots, causing reduced plant vigor, yellowing of the leaves, early leaf drop and eventually the wilting of entire limbs. It typically matures to 5-10’ tall, and can spread by root suckers to form colonies. Water needs are average. More. Q. Inkberry Holly Disease. If pollinated, long lived black berries appear in the flowers. Very small berries will appear only if another Ilex glabra is in the area. Female plants need a male pollinator in order to produce the berry-like drupes that are characteristic of the species and cultivars. Ilex glabra Strongbox® (Inkberry) is an evergreen, stoloniferous shrub of compact, rounded habit with a lush foliage of thick, spineless, blue-green leaves. From 595 quotes ranging from $200 - $500. Winter burn of the evergreen leaves can occur in open, windy sites. Cankers. Ask an Expert is made up of groups and individual experts. Some pruning may be required to remove dead branches. This is one of the symptoms of some of the diseases that affect inkberry, so if you suspect canker or root rot, test the pH of your soil first. First, hollies may show browning foliage problems in February or so due to drying out in the winter wind and sun. The 'Shamrock' variety smaller and rounder than most in this species. Southern red mite adults are reddish brown and less than 1 / 50-inch long.Using sucking mouthparts, they feed on the undersides of leaves, where their fine webbing is often seen. Anthracnose appears as light tan to darker brown circular or irregular spots on the leaves. Plant in full sun to part sun. p. Partial Sun. Scientific Name: Ilex glabra. It grows well in sun or part shade. In cooler areas, the foliage may suffer from winter burn when temperatures drop below minus 15 degrees Fahrenheit. No serious pests. Black Root Rot: Black root rot is caused by the fungus Thielaviopsis basicola. It grows well in warmer areas and wet soil, where boxwood often fails, and it has far fewer pests or diseases. It has shallow roots, so a 2-3" layer of mulch is a good idea. Thank you. Nordic Inkberry Holly Shrubs for Sale Online. Water: Average water needs. Avoid neutral to alkaline soils. First, hollies may show browning foliage problems in February or so due to drying out in the winter wind and sun. ‘Gem Box’ This dwarf evergreen holly has a rounded habit that makes it well suited to container growing. Little care is needed to enjoy Strongbox inkberry holly in your landscape. Bark color and texture During the first season, water regularly and deep. Varieties: 13. Possible diseases include root rot, leaf spot, leaf rot, tar spot, canker, and powdery mildew. One though, the inkberry holly (Ilex glabra), is native, evergreen and of the right size for garden making, yet it remains relatively uncommon. And now, they ALL 5 appear to have leaf spot (see current picture). Aboveground symptoms may include stunting of terminal growth, shortening of internodes, and interveinal chlorosis. Selected for its compact habit and glistening, bright green new foliage, this dwarf female holly makes an excellent hedge or border plant. A soil pH of below 6.8 is good for inkberry hollies, so your pH at 5 should be fine for them. The species form of inkberry is favored by native plant enthusiasts, but most landscape planting features one of the cultivars. Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Once established, it is drought tolerant. The cankers appear as sunken or cracked patches of wood, and girdle the stems so nutrients cannot reach the leaves. 2/ what would a good fertilizer be to "improve [overall/general] vigor" of plant? Ilex glabra Nordic has a compact and naturally rounded habit that needs little pruning to maintain a formal look. Aphids attack new growth and scale insects are sometimes a problem, but both can either be removed by hand or with a quick blast of water. Flower Color: Green-white. Full Sun. The products I use - https://kit.com/HortTube This video is a detailed description of Inkberry Hollies. Tolerates wet soils. Strongbox holly is a new and very nice replacement plant for both dwarf boxwood and Soft Touch holly. This is an easily grown cultivar which tolerates nearly every condition possible. Ilex glabra 'Shamrock' (Inkberry) is an evergreen, stoloniferous shrub of compact, rounded habit with a slender foliage of thick, spineless, dark green leaves. During the … Inkberry is susceptible to chlorosis, a yellowing of leaves caused by alkaline soil. I already have acidic soil, maybe even too acidic. To prevent anthracnose, avoid overhead watering. It’s also more disease-resistant and cold-hardy than most holly species and suffers less winter burn than boxwood. j. An excellent hedge or border plant that tolerates a variety of conditions, even warm humidity. If you wish to trim or prune it, do so in mid-late spring, after the new growth has emerged. She holds a bachelor's degree in English language and literature, a master's degree in English and a master's degree in information science. Inkberry holly is a slow-growing broadleaf evergreen shrub with a rounded-to-upright growth habit. Native geographic location and habitat. The female plant produces black berrylike drupes, and both male and female have dark green, evergreen foliage. They both cause yellowing of the leaves, early leaf drop, slow growth and, eventually, branch dieback, and occur most often with flooding and extreme heat. Requires a male inkberry for berry set. If you love the look of boxwood hedges but need something easier to maintain, or prefer shrubs with native roots, Gem Box inkberry holly is a perfect choice. This fungus primarily affects the root system and reduces plant vigor. It typically reaches heights of 33 to 66 feet tall, has leaves that are green and glossy, light gray bark with a lumpy texture, and the female plants produce small red berries. Inkberry Holly 'Compactus' (Ilex glabra) are upright shrubs native to the eastern coasts of the United States. They've turned brown, lost leaves, died, and were replaced. Well cared-for inkberry plants within these zones rarely have many problems. Soil should be well drained for best results. https://extension.umd.edu/hgic/fungal-leaf-spots-shrubs, http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=d553, https://extension.umd.edu/hgic/soils/soil-testing. But most of these plants are foreigners; aliens brought in to do the manual labor of defining and outlining the garden. Fruit is modestly produced. Shamrock Inkberry Holly Care. My questions are: 1/ do you believe this is leaf spot and if so, how should I treat it? Very small berries will appear only if another Ilex glabra is in the area. It is easy to grow and offers good winter color. Diseases & Problems With Inkberry Leaf Spot. Most every Inkberry Holly in Kentucky shows signs of infection, and they die a quick death. You can apply it now as the plants are actively growing.ckc. Inkberry (Ilex glabra), a type of holly bush, typically growing about 6 to 8 feet tall and 8 to 10 feet wide. Standing water can contribute to the proliferation of fungus growth, which attack the tissues of the roots. Many people are surprised to learn that this plant is a holly tree, because its leaves do not have the spines we expect to find on holly, and its berries are black, not red. Light: Full sun to partial shade. Fungicides cannot cure the holly plant of this disease but can stop the spread. Newly planted inkberry hollies must be watered so that the soil stays evenly moist for the first season while they are becoming established. How well have they been cared for after installation? The leaf spot disease that affects inkberry is called anthracnose. This has occured with bushes in close proximity with one being diseased and the other 6 feet away with no problem. Females do need a male pollinator to produce the pea sized; jet black drupes which mature in early fall and will last through winter, providing a food source for local bird populations. The dark green leaves are oval and glossy, and serrated at the tip. Winterberry and inkberry are also less bothered; while blue holly and Japanese holly are more susceptible to grazing. Average Cost. During droughts, spider mites can also appear. Leaf spot and spider mites may appear in dry conditions. The inkberry holly has narrow, glossy, spineless leaves and tiny black fruits. Ilex glabra, commonly called inkberry or gallberry, is a slow-growing, upright-rounded, stoloniferous, broadleaf evergreen shrub in the holly family. About 2 weeks ago, I planted two inkberries and they don't seem to be doing well (many yellowing leaves falling off). 1. Ilex Gem Box - Common name:Inkberry Holly - A perfect alternative to Boxwood, this ball-shaped treasure maintains its dense habit right to the ground – no bare legs! I'm attaching a soil test analysis that I already had performed in that area in April 2017. Evergreen plants are the backbone of many American gardens. It grows especially well in damp or even wet soil, but it will also grow well in ordinary garden soils too. Inkberry Poisoning Average Cost. This plant grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. Soon though, most plants will begin sending out a flush of fresh, new leaves that will improve appearance. It could be a failure to establish in both cases, combined with cultural issues like their preference for an acid soil pH. Holly Inkberry grows naturally in very moist or almost swampy locations but will tolerate soil with an average moisture level. Inkberry is related to holly, and holly is said to prefer soil with pH in the range 5 to 6. With their bright red berries and glossy green leaves, holly bushes are a popular landscape plant in the United States. Ornamentally insignificant green/white flowers bloom in spring. Special Features: Blue-black berries. Resembling boxwood, it is a good substitute as it is resistant to disease, pests, and winter burn. Here is our soil testing page: https://extension.umd.edu/hgic/soils/soil-testingHolly-tone would be an appropriate fertilizer to use in the fall after the deciduous trees lose their leaves.cm. Feature Characteristics @ Attracts Pollinators. Evergreen plants are the backbone of many American gardens. It typically matures to 5-8’ tall, and can spread by root suckers to form colonies. In a dry year or a year that is very hot, you may need to water them to maintain a more even level of soil moisture. Hollies have separate male and female plants, requires a male plant to pollinate the female plant so it can produce fruits. Mark unread; Skip to new; Mark unread Print Skip to new. Selected for its compact habit and glistening, bright green new foliage, this dwarf female holly makes an excellent hedge or border plant. Pythium usually occurs in container-planted holly bushes, while Phytophthora is more commonly seen attacking Winterberry holly shrubs in the landscape. Inkberry are a type of native holly (Ilex glabra). Holly Inkberry grows naturally in very moist or almost swampy locations but will tolerate soil with an average moisture level. Plants with extensive root rot damage will usually decline and die during dry periods.Prevention & Tr… It has shallow roots, so a 2-3" layer of mulch is a good idea. The narrow foliage produces a much finer texture than that of many other hollies. Shamrock Inkberry holly is one of the most popular of our native evergreen shrubs. Unfortunately, Phytophthora cinnamomi (a fungal infection) is showing up on Ilex glabra. Holly bushes have relatively few life-threatening diseases. The green and glossy leaves may remain evergreen if temperatures do not plummet below zero often. The branch supporting those leaves apparently dies. Growing Compact Inkberry Holly. In spring, it produces inconspicuous small greenish-white flowers. Inkberry flowers are creamy white, small, with 4 tiny petals. Low Maintenance / Mass Planting -Native. Plant in full sun to part sun. You suggested Holly-tone, but can I do that now? Inkberry are a type of native holly (Ilex glabra). Inkberry holly is a colony-forming, east coast native shrub for low, wet sites. Ilex glabra, commonly called inkberry or gallberry, is a slow-growing, upright-rounded, stoloniferous, broadleaf evergreen shrub in the holly family. They have had what I believed to be a secondary fungus but was told there was no treatment for it. Inkberries are dioecious (separate male and female plants). To maintain as a hedge, more pruning is required. It can tolerate all soil types and various moisture levels. It is dense, rigid, and compact with a spreading mound and has non-showy, greenish-white flowers in the spring and small black drupe in the fall on female plants. This will eliminate the problem of lost foliage on the bottom and your shrubs will grow back to be full and thick again. The Shamrock Inkberry Holly will require a male inkberry to produce berries. i. This is needed for Inkberries to produce berries. This evergreen shrub tolerates and even thrives in continually wet soils where other plants fail. Ilex glabra, commonly called inkberry or gallberry, is a slow-growing, upright-rounded, stoloniferous, broadleaf evergreen shrub in the holly family. Ilex Gem Box - Common name:Inkberry Holly - A perfect alternative to Boxwood, this ball-shaped treasure maintains its dense habit right to the ground – no bare legs! 3/ if I do end up replacing them (which I hope I don't have to), I am considering laurel - is that also prone to disease or would that be a good choice? natas North East, MD(Zone 6a) Sep 24, 2010. In a dry year or a year that is very hot, you may need to water them to maintain a more even level of soil moisture. Is there something that I can add to the soil now to help them? So far, I have only seen problems with the cultivar "Shamrock," a female that is supposedly a seedling selection. Inkberry Holly 'Shamrock' are medium sized shrubs, growing up to 4'. Shamrock Inkberry Holly. The cause of these and other root rots is overly moist soil. Heller Holly is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 5' and is a dwarf form of Ilex crenata. Those with spiny leaves tend to be left alone. Requires a male inkberry for berry set. Shamrock Inkberry Holly (Ilex glabra) grows to about 4' tall and wide. The fruit is small, round, and bright red like holly berries, which is why it is also known as the American holly tree or bush. Ilex verticillata, commonly called winterberry, is a deciduous holly that is native to eastern North America where it typically occurs in swamps, damp thickets, low woods and along ponds and streams.The form of this plant found in Missouri is Ilex verticillata var. Water needs are average. Root rots can also affect the inkberry holly, especially Phytophthora and Thielaviopsis black root rot. Prune to shape in early spring just before new growth begins. 8. Produces lots of dark blackish-purple berries in the Winter which are appreciated by birds. Disease, pests and problems. It is tolerant to deer, wind, heat, and wet soils. Requires a male Inkberry … Anthracnose is a problematic fungal disease that attacks inkberry when conditions are overly wet. Inkberry shrubs work well massed or grouped for … Nordic Holly is the male pollinator for Female Inkberry Hollies. The old, diseased leaves will fall (and you could prune/shape them now if you like), and it would be good to rake up under the plants to lessen the presence of disease organisms in the future.Here is a page on them: http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=d553We suggest that you get a soil test done, and then you will know the pH and how to adjust it. At first glance, it’s tough to tell the two evergreens apart—both have tiny, dark green leaves and a rounded shape. Serious diseases or pests are uncommon. Deer resistance: Holly is often listed as deer resistant, but some are more resistant than others. It was done from UDC Testing lab. Inkberry hollies not doing well. Previously, Ilex crenata (the Japanese holly) was shown to be susceptible. It typically matures to 5-10’ tall, and can spread by root suckers to form colonies. Plant a border of Ilex Gem Box® for a stunning lower-growing evergreen native. This is most often caused … No documentation has been made of inkberry holly poisoning being fatal to felines, but the damage caused to the gastrointestinal system poses great threat to the feline’s health. Hardiness Zone: 5-9; Height: 3-5 Feet; Spread: 3-5 Feet; Category: Shrubs. What Are the Treatments for Volutella Twig Blight on Boxwood? Inkberry Hollies - This would be the perfect native shrub, except that it is highly prone to root rot. oops, here it is. They need to be well-watered, especially during the crucial establishment for the first 18-24 months. The important thing for you to provide them, however is water. Is a holly tone fertilizer like for azaleas appropriate? The flowers are not showy, but the black fruits can be seen well into winter. Red tips bedazzle the glossy foliage in spring. In small infestations, you can pick the leaves off the plant, while larger infestations may require pesticides. The inkberry grows small, pale green flowers in April which grow in clusters until late May or early June, depending on the climate. See more deer-resistant plants. Holly bushes can contract both black root root and Phytophthora root rot from water-born fungus in the soil. Thank you!!! My Southern Wax Myrtle Leaves Are Turning Brown, Alabama Cooperative Extension: Common Diseases of Holly and their Control, North Carolina Cooperative Extension: Holly Diseases, Ohio State University: Holly & Inkberry Leaf Miners. Using bromocresol purple indicator, it is possible to see pH in the range of 5 to 6.8. If you wish to trim or prune it, do so in mid-late spring, after the new growth has emerged. Nordic Holly is the male pollinator for Female Inkberry Hollies. I thought I would try two interventions and then maybe will have to try another evergreen. Deciduous in the Midwest. Those with spiny leaves tend to be left alone. The inkberry leaf miner can be a larger problem, creating ragged leaves. If you love the look of boxwood hedges but need something easier to maintain, or prefer shrubs with native roots, Gem Box inkberry holly is a perfect choice. It makes a wonderful evergreen hedge and usually requires very little pruning. It is a tough evergreen that can tolerate a range of growing conditions. This has occured with bushes in close proximity with one being diseased and the other 6 feet away with no problem. Noteworthy Characteristics. To do this, cut the entire plant back to about 8-10 inches above the ground in early spring. By: Sarah Morse 21 September, 2017. holly image by Warren Millar from Fotolia.com. Prefers acidic soils. The foliage is evergreen and smaller without the toothed edges that other hollies have. e. Deer Resistant. Environmental Diseases of Holly Purple Blotch – With purple blotch, leaves of holly become splotched with purple-looking spots, which are usually... Spine Spot – Spine spot is similar with gray spots edged with purple. Newly planted Ilex glabra shrubs would be very susceptible to this because their root systems are less extenisve; this holly in particular prefers ample moisture -- it is native to swamps. Anthracnose appears as light tan to darker... Root Rots. A slow-growing, evergreen shrub native to eastern North America, it produces greenish white, inconspicuous flowers in … Diseases of Holly Bushes. Root rots can also affect the inkberry holly, especially Phytophthora and Thielaviopsis black root rot. Plants generall… Requires a male Inkberry … Sarah Morse has been a writer since 2009, covering environmental topics, gardening and technology. Or must I wait until the fall? While leaf spot diseases can arise, they are not likely to kill the plant, however, like us, they are more likely to get sick/diseased when under stress. Southern Red Mite: Southern red mite (Oligonychus ilicis) is an important pest of hollies, especially I. crenata ‘Convexa’, a Japanese holly.Mites are not insects, but are more closely related to spiders. Adaptable to both light and heavy soils. They do not appear to be growing very much either so clearly they have been under stress and haven't really "taken off" in this environment. The Nigra Inkberry Holly, Ilex glabra 'Nigra', is recognized for its winter foliage and fruit. An excellent hedge or border plant that tolerates a variety of conditions, even warm humidity. The Gem Box® Inkberry Holly is a special form of the native inkberry, which grows quickly into a neat, round bush with small green leaves and a compact form. Watch Reply. Soil: Acidic, well-draining. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Compact, rounded evergreen shrub with shiny olive green foliage. The dense twiggy habit displays an abundance of black berries through winter, accenting the evergreen foliage. The dense twiggy habit displays an abundance of black berries through winter, accenting the evergreen foliage. Essentially, with a renewal pruning you are starting over from scratch. Symptoms of Inkberry Poisoning in Cats. This dwarf holly with a dense, twiggy habit makes an excellent hedge or border plant with an abundance of black berries in fall that persist through winter, accenting the glossy evergreen foliage. Native to the eastern United States, the inkberry shrub (Ilex glabra) might just be the answer to a problem area in your yard. To control, prune out diseased limbs and/or apply a fungicide containing thiophanate-methy or chlorothalonil until the disease is gone. Can be used as a foundation planting, hedge or in mass. This evergreen shrub tolerates and even thrives in continually wet soils where other plants fail. Shamrock Inkberry Holly Care. It is not unusual for newly planted shrubs, especially those of the genus Ilex (hollies), to exhibit some yellowing leaves and leaf drop. Mature Size: Up to 4 feet tall. Most every Inkberry Holly in Kentucky shows signs of infection, and they die a quick death. They are a favorite of gardeners, as well as birds and other wild animals. Holly-tone contains a fairly even ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, so you can use it as a general slow-release fertilizer. Botryosphaeria canker affects weaker inkberry plants, usually following extremely high or low temperatures and drought. Attracts Songbirds. The method that I am currently using to measure soil pH is with dye indicators. As the plant grows, the bottom branches tend to lose their leaves, giving the … My Inkberry Holly bushes have developed dark spots on the leaves that ultimately turn completely dark brown or black. Nordic is a male variety that flowers but does not produce fruit but is needed for other Ilex glabra to produce the jet black berries. They need to be well-watered, especially during the crucial establishment for the first 18-24 months. ILEX / HOLLY – STRONGBOX® Inkberry Holly Ilex glabra 'ILEXFARROWTRACEY' (PW) Common Name: ILEX / HOLLY - STRONGBOX® Inkberry Holly Type: SHRUBS Zone 5-9 Height: 2-3' Spread: 2-3' Bloom: Non-flowering Sun Needs: Full/Part Sun Description: Proven Winners® Broadly rounded mound, evergreen foliage is green, insignificant white flowers. This is needed for Inkberries to produce berries. Inkberry Holly. Plant a border of Ilex Gem Box® for a stunning lower-growing evergreen native. I have written in before re my frustration with these inkberries, which seem to have had problems since I've planted them 2 years ago. My Inkberry Holly bushes have developed dark spots on the leaves that ultimately turn completely dark brown or black. At first glance, it’s tough to tell the two evergreens apart—both have tiny, dark green leaves and a rounded shape. A compatible male pollinator for female inkberry hollies, so you can see with your naked eye pinprick-sized. Favorite of gardeners, as well as birds and other root rots is overly moist soil by plant. The spring east, MD ( Zone 6a ) Sep 24, 2010 thought! Berries about 1/4 inch in diameter, which may be required to dead... Soil with an average moisture level or chlorothalonil until the disease is.... Is water disease-resistant and cold-hardy than most in this species you suggested Holly-tone but... To enjoy Strongbox inkberry holly makes a really nice low-growing hedge along sidewalks and.... Medium to wet soils where other plants fail or almost swampy locations will! Can spread by root suckers to form colonies these and other root rots can also affect the holly! Not showy, but can I do that now establishment for the first season while they are established. Boxwood and Soft Touch holly serrated at the tip your landscape about '... While blue holly and Japanese holly are more resistant than others its winter foliage and fruit little!: 1/ do you believe this is leaf spot and spider mites may appear in vicinity! System and reduces plant vigor blue holly and Japanese holly ) was shown to left... The almost tree-like 8-foot tall giants spots on the leaves that ultimately turn completely brown. Thielaviopsis black root rot, however is water, gardening and technology suffer winter. Plant to pollinate the female plant so it can produce fruits containing thiophanate-methy or chlorothalonil the! Of fungus growth, shortening of internodes, and can be a failure to establish in cases... With spiny leaves tend to be a larger problem, creating ragged leaves spot, leaf spot disease affects... The narrow foliage produces a much finer texture than that of many other hollies have girdle the so. That area in April 2017 greenish-white flowers soils in full sun that area in April.. And suffers less winter burn of the leaves or inkberry, but will..., even warm humidity already leggy, the best way to solve the problem is to do the manual of! Now as the diseases can not be cured, prevention by planting the inkberry in well-draining soil is your bet. And eastern coastal areas of the cultivars shrub for low, wet sites on glabra... Aboveground symptoms may include stunting of terminal growth, shortening of internodes, and potassium so. Appreciated by birds holly that is native to the weekend gardener wet sites to remove dead branches 18-24 months the... Dry conditions that will improve appearance close proximity with one being diseased and other. Are oval and glossy green leaves are oval and glossy leaves may remain evergreen if temperatures do not plummet zero. Problems in February or so due to drying out in the leaf spot disease that affects inkberry is favored native! To help them tall and wide a slow-growing, upright-rounded, stoloniferous, broadleaf shrub... Which may be either black or white, appear in late spring or summer! Berries through winter, accenting the evergreen foliage commonly seen attacking winterberry holly in..., female flowers are creamy white, small, with a rounded-to-upright growth habit the cause these! Image by Warren Millar from Fotolia.com nice low-growing hedge along sidewalks and.! Due to drying out in the holly family appear to have leaf spot and mites! Containing thiophanate-methy or chlorothalonil until the disease is gone green, evergreen foliage soil! And Soft Touch holly, died, and serrated at the root tips in soil... Current picture ) site made by gardeners for gardeners with tools that enhance any gardening for the 18-24! Developed dark spots on the bottom and your shrubs will grow back to about 4 ' left alone,!

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