Thanks to its long tap root, white lupin can exploit well phosphorus reserves in the soil. In Rec. Is a patented active ingredient derived from lupin seed coatings. Les protéagineux : intérêt dans les systèmes de production fourragers français et européens. [7] The most efficient way to control this fungi is through seed treatment.[8]. The forms with white seeds and pink-and-blue or light-pink flowers (L. termis) spread mainly towards the south (Egypt, Libya and Palestine), while the forms with white seeds and grayish-blue or white flowers (L. albus) moved to the west (Apennine Peninsula and farther). Modern sweet varieties contain less than 200 mg/kg, have a smaller growth and are palatable to stock (Godfrey et al., 1985; Buraczewska et al., 1993). Effect of partial subsitution of soybean meal with lupine seeds in feeding laying hens on production and economic performance. It is cultivated over all the Mediterranean region and also in Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Syria, Central and Western Europe, USA and South America, Tropical and Southern Africa, Russia, and Ukraine. Technol., 36 (1-2): 101-112, Akande, K. E. ; Doma, U. D. ; Agu, H. O. ; Adamu, H. M., 2010. The plants were of the species Lupinus albus cultivar 'energy' Seeds were soaked and … The inflorescence is a terminal, 3-30 cm long, false raceme that bears many flowers. B. ; Young, B. Husb., 26 (1): 1-6, Smith, G. H. ; Warren, B., 1986. In Ethiopia, farmers usually broadcast the seeds of white lupin at 34-40 seeds/m² in July or September (Likawent Yeheyis et al., 2010). Both DM matter and energy digestibilities were superior to other lupin species such as blue lupin. Sweet white, Ramos-Morales, E. ; Sanz-Sampelayo, M. R. ; Molina-Alcaide, E., 2010. Merkmale. Difficulty Easy Season & Zone Exposure: Full sun to partial shade Zone: 1-9 Timing Sow indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost, around mid to late February on the coast. Effects of extrusion processing on digestibility of peas, lupins, canola meal and soybean meal in silver perch, Andrzejewska, A. ; Ignaczak, S. ; Barzyk, P., 2016. Bean mosaic virus is transmitted by aphids and with infected seed. Springer, 419 p. Olsen, A. W. ; Vestergaard, E. M. ; Dybkjaer, L., 2000. In case of mechanical weeding we wish a higher plant density (about 100 plants / m2), sowing about 200 kg seeds/ha, at a sowing depth of 3–4 cm. It was possible to replace up to 75% fishmeal with lupin meal in black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) juveniles diet without affecting growth, survival, feed conversion ratio (FCR), protein efficiency ratio (PER), and apparent net protein utilization (ANPU), and body composition (Sudaryono et al., 1999). Einheit Art: Los (50 Stücke / Los), Paket-Gewicht: (. Oil ingredients make Lip Mask ideal for aiding removal of lip color, too. Once harvested, lupin seeds can be either stored dried or ensiled. Einheit Art: Los (50 Stücke / Los), Paket-Gewicht: (. Digestibility of extruded peas, extruded lupin, and rapeseed meal in rainbow trout (, Carrouée, B.; Crépon, K. Peyronnet, C, 2003. [6] Therefore, it is present in an early lifecycle of the plant. Poult. J. Anim. Lupinus albus - Unser TOP-Favorit . Factors influencing the nutritive value of lupins for broiler chickens. White lupin provides seeds for food and feed, fodder and green manure ( Jansen, 2006 ). Agric. Effect of food enzymes on utilisation of lupin carbohydrates by broilers. Nutrients in seed meals, amino acid composition of twenty-seven selected seed meals. It is many branched and deeply taprooted. Die Meinungen begeisterter Patienten geben ein gutes Statement über die Effektivität ab. Pl.-Breed., Leningrad-Moscow, XXI, I:16-294. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Lupins may extend the phytoremediation period and increase the bioavailability of metals in polluted soils under recovery (Fumagalli et al., 2014). Extrusion may affect starch in starchy materials, and fats in fatty ones. There is no breeding program about rust tolerant plants designed. The ancient culture of white lupin under the local name "hanchcoly" was practiced until recently in Western Georgia. It can fix Nitrogen. Extruded lupin and raw lupin seeds were included at 30% in broilers diet over growing (1-21 days) and finishing (22-42 days) periods. Food Chem., 98 (4): 711-719, Tabrett, S.; Blyth, D.; Bourne, N.; Glencross, B., 2012. LUKAA, Lupins in UK Agriculture & Aquaculture, Sudaryono, A.; Tsvetnenko, E.; Evans, L. H., 1999. Dehulling reduces white lupin seeds fibre content by 70% (Brenes et al., 1993). Zootech., 45 (5): 423-435, Guillaume, J. ; Chenieux, J. C. ; Rideau, M., 1979. The effect of soybean meal, soybeans, bitter lupine, fava bean and peas on the growth and lactation of rabbits. Lebas, F., 2013. Prod. Lupinus albus is an annual plant growing from 30 to 120cm, with small, oval leaves and yellow or white flowers. Plant guide for white lupine (, Colin, M. ; Xi, C. ; Prigent, A. Y., 2012. (eds), Lupins as crop plants: biology, production and utilization, Wallingford CAB International: 385–410, El Bassam, N., 2010. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. Soil acidity is an important factor for nitrogen fixation. This can be useful to improve the quality of rabbit meat for human consumption through a better omega 6 to omega 3 ratio (Volek et al., 2011), and can also partly explain the improvement of the health condition of rabbits fed a lupin-based diet compared to that of rabbits fed a soybean meal-based diet (Colin et al., 2012; Uhlířová et al., 2016). [3], Based on the numerous diseases for lupinus albus, the management is complex and very important. [14], White lupin seeds have also been recommended for a long time to feed rabbits, being a good source of protein and energy. termis and ssp. However, higher inclusion rates in the 40-50% range have been used in experiments without depressing growth performance (Fekete et al., 1986; Kelly et al., 1990). The inclusion of extruded lupin had depressive effect on growth on both periodes, but not on the overall period (Diaz et al., 2006). J. Sci. White lupin seeds could be included at up to 20% in commercial extruded diets without modifying dietary ADCs, feed intake or animal performance (Bórquez et al., 2011). at the best online prices at eBay! The rotation of white lupin (, Gdala, J. ; Jansman, A. J. M. ; van Leeuwen, P. ; Huisman, J. ; Verstegen, M. W. A., 1996. Proc. Nwokolo, E. ; Smartt, J., 1997. White lupin as a protein source for layers. J. Agric. Unsere Redakteure haben uns der Mission angenommen, Verbraucherprodukte unterschiedlichster Art zu checken, damit potentielle Käufer ohne Verzögerung den Lupinus albus sich aneignen können, den Sie zuhause haben wollen. Therefore, lupin seeds have a low glycaemic index. 1974. Results about the use of white lupin in broiler diets are not consistent. Anim. Elevage, races, maladies. Bórquez, A. S.; Hernández, A. J.; Dantagnan, P.; Saez, P.; Serrano, E., 2011. Diaz, D. ; Morlacchini, M. ; Masoero, F. ; Moschini, M. ; Fusconi, G. ; Piva, G., 2006. Chilean J. Agric. White lupin seeds are large, flat, rectangular or square-shaped with rounded corners, laterally compressed and about 7-16 mm long × 6-12 mm wide × 2-5.5 mm high.The seeds are smooth and white with a salmon/pink tint or with dark brown speckles (Clark, 2014; El Bassam, 2010; Jansen, 2006). Lupin seed hulls have a higher energy values for sows than for growing pigs (Noblet, 1997). 100 Seeds - Lupini Beans Seed"SWEET Lupini" (Lupinus albus) wachsen italienischen nationalen Snack! [6] In some cultivars resistance has been found. Substitution of fixed amounts of soyabean meal for field beans (, Chapoutot, P., 1998. Rabbit Res., 9: 103-108, Ferguson, N. S.; Gous, R. M.; Iji, P. A., 2003. Digestibility and nutritive value of nineteen important feedstuffs for rabbits. Anim. The addition of 30% white lupin seeds in barley-based diets increased pigs tolerance to high fibre basal diets (Aguilera et al., 1985; Barnett et al., 1981). The stems are coarse, branched, slightly silky. The flowers are pedicellated, typically papillonaceous, white to violet in colour. Personal communication. This decrease of AME was also attributed to the increased bulkiness associated with extrusion with a resulting decrease in energy intake (Breytenbach, 2005). Worldwide production for all lupin species was about 1 million t in 2014. Damit Ihnen die Auswahl etwas leichter fällt, hat unser Testerteam auch unseren Testsieger ausgesucht, welcher zweifelsfrei von allen Lupinus albus in vielen Punkten auffällig war - vor allem im Faktor Preis-Leistung. Ruminal dry matter and crude protein degradability of Mediterranean legume seeds. White lupin is a slow growing legume that needs 11 months to become mature and to be harvested. Valeur alimentaire du lupin blanc (, Barchiesi-Ferrari, C.; Anrique, R., 2011. Effect of extruding horsebeans and lupin seeds on, Benchaar, C.; Moncoulon, R., 1993. Bull. World Rabbit Sci., 10(4): 157-166, Mesini, A., 1997. Both effects contribute to a positive impact of extrusion on the amount of truly digestible protein in the intestine (Benchaar et al., 1992; Cros et al., 1991; Kibelolaud et al., 1993). It is a problem of autumn-sown crops. A.; Batterham, E. S., 1995. However, their lipase and trypsin activity was significantly reduced (by 45% for trypsin activity) (Pereira et al., 2005). [5] They can also transmit diseases.[5]. [4] Chemical weeding is also used, by means of herbicides applied for other grain legumes. Terres Inovia, 2019. Feed Sci. J. Exp. Exudation of organic acids by, Hernandez, A. J.; Roman, D.; Hooft, J.; Cofre, C.; Cepeda, V.; Vidal, R., 2013. The size of the sieve may vary from 100 µm to 8 mm depending on the quality of flour that is intended: the final product is lupin meal. Nutr., 89: 166-171, Son JangHo; Ravindran, V., 2012. Higher yields can reach by early sowing dates, but this strategy can increase the affecting by pests and diseases. Handbook of bioenergy crops: a complete reference to species, development and applications. Uses. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Acta Veterinaria Brno, 78 (3): 399-409, Poncet, C. ; Rémond, D. ; Lepage, E. ; Doreau, M., 2003. Phorbia platura is the only insect with significant impact on lupinus albus. Food Chem., 9: 79-82, van Leeuwen, P.; Jansman, A. J. M.; van Kempen, G. J. M.; Verstegen, M. W. A.; Huisman, J., 1993. In: Rowe, J.B., Nolan, J.V. Metabolism, toxicity and nutritional implications of quinolizidine (lupin) alkaloids. 3rd Conf. Livest. In growing/fattening bulls, extrusion shifted lupin protein digestion from rumen to small intestine, but was less efficient than grinding (4.2 mm) for improving the nutritional value of lupin seeds, and grinding was also simpler and cheaper (Froidmont et al., 2008). Einheit Art: Los (50 Stücke / Los), Paket-Gewicht: (. Asian-Aust. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Locate lupini in a section of your garden that is in shade for part of the day, which will help keep it … Oil content and fatty acid profile in seeds of Polish breeding lines and cultivars of legumes. The inclusion of white lupin seeds in young Atlantic salmons (90 g BW) diet depressed growth rate and feed efficiency significantly when compared to the control diet based on fish meal (Salini et al., 2014). They are normally soaked in sea water for 2–3 hours to mellow the flavour and consumed raw. Fertilisations based on compost or composted manure are better than fresh manure. Aust. White lupin (Lupinus albus) is a valuable lupin species for ruminants due to its high protein and oil contents and it can be used as an alternative to soybean meal. Lupinus albus - Die hochwertigsten Lupinus albus im Vergleich Auf welche Faktoren Sie zuhause vor dem Kauf Ihres Lupinus albus Aufmerksamkeit richten sollten Um Ihnen zu Hause bei der Wahl des perfekten Produkts etwas zu helfen, haben unsere Produkttester am Ende einen Favoriten gekürt, der unter all den Lupinus albus in vielen Punkten hervorragt - vor allem im Blick auf Preis-Leistung. J. Poult. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on "Antinutritional factors (ANF) in Legume Seeds", Cherrière, K.; Albar, J.; Noblet, J.; Skiba, F.; Granier, R.; Peyronnet, C., 2003. The conclusions were reached on the basis of the evaluation of the representative uses of the aqueous extract from the germinated seeds of sweet Lupinus albus as a fungicide on strawberry and tomatoes (field use and greenhouse application). Bei uns wird großes Augenmerk auf die genaue Betrachtung des Vergleiches gelegt und das Testobjekt in der Endphase durch eine finalen Testbewertung bewertet. In white lupin cv. A comparison of 6 French cultivars of white lupin seeds differing in composition did not result in differences in growth performance, and the cultivars were found of similar nutritive value (Lebas, 1986). However, anthracnose is easy to detect and can be efficiently controlled with fungicide applications (PGRO, 2014). Pea seeds (, DLG, 1961. Replacement of fish meal in diets for Australian silver perch, Borquez, A.; Serrano, E.; Dantagnan, P.; Carrasco, J.; Hernandez, A., 2011. Br. New vegetable protein for layers. Lupins have unique carbohydrate properties characterized by small levels of starch (though the polarimetric method for starch analysis may erroneously report starch levels up to 10%), high levels of soluble and insoluble NSP, and high levels of raffinose oligosaccharides, all of which can affect the utilization of energy and the digestion of other nutrients in the diet (van Barneveld, 1999). Terres Inovia. According to Zohary and Hopf (123, 2000), “even today the white lupin is an appreciated food crop and it is still cultivated in some Mediterranean countries – particularly Egypt.” They list a number of archeological findsites that include Bronze Age Thera and a number of Roman Egypt sites. In situ ruminal degradability and intestinal digestion of raw and extruded legume seeds and soya bean meal protein. 0.02lb) 0,01 kg, Paket-Größe: 10 cm x 10 cm x 5 cm (3.94in x 3.94in x 1.97in), Produkttyp: Bonsai, Cultivating Schwierigkeitsgrad: sehr leicht, Stil: Jahr Under limiting P conditions, lupins form specialized cluster root structures and/or release P-mobilizing carboxylates that free P from insoluble forms (Lambers et al., 2012). Sci., 41 (1): 75–82, Krawczyk, M.; Przywitowski, M.; Mikulski, D., 2015. AFZ, 2017; Aguilera et al., 1985; Aguilera et al., 1992; Albar, 2006; Allan et al., 2000; Andrzejewska et al., 2016; Aufrère et al., 1991; Bach Knudsen, 1997; Batterham, 1979; Benchaar et al., 1991; Boschin et al., 2008; Bourdon et al., 1980; Brand et al., 2004; Bryden et al., 2009; Buraczewska et al., 1993; Carré et al., 1986; Cavaliere et al., 1989; Cherrière et al., 2003; Cilliers et al., 1998; CIRAD, 1991; Cros et al., 1991; Eggum et al., 1993; El Maadoudi, 2004; Faurie et al., 1992; Gdala et al., 1996; Gonzalez et al., 2003; Guillaume, 1978; Halvorson et al., 1983; Hansen et al., 1976; Infascelli et al., 1995; Kibelolaud et al., 1991; King, 1981; Kyntäjä et al., 2014; Landry et al., 1988; Mancuso, 1996; Mariscal Landin, 1992; Moss et al., 2001; Mossé et al., 1987; Musco et al., 2017; Nalle et al., 2012; Nalle, 2009; Razaka et al., 1992; Robinson et al., 1993; Rybinski et al., 2018; Sécalibio, 2018; Skiba et al., 2003; Son JangHo et al., 2012; Sujak et al., 2006, AFZ, 2017; Ashes et al., 1978; Hansen et al., 1974; Mancuso, 1996; Noblet et al., 1998, Heuzé V., Thiollet H., Tran G., Nozière P., Lessire M., Lebas F., 2020. A lupin based diet for growing rabbits: effect of variety and on the growth and lactation of rabbits milk! Feeding of L. albus has the potential to partly replace the use of protein plants for rabbits. Clusters of monochromatic flowers, lupins in poultry diets de Normandie, Mierlita, D. ; Melcion, J. 2008... Feeds for Atlantic salmon (, Johnston, N. W. ; Vestergaard, E.,.! Seed (, van Etten, C. ; Moncoulon, R., 2011 which are are! The digestibilities of cell wall polysaccharides and oligosaccharides from whole, dehulled and ethanol-extracted lupins! Unter die Lupe genommen Lupinus chamissonis has silver foliage but is often difficult to keep going concluded no. Jablonna, 10-11 juin 1986, 3 pp Pflanze, die eine Wuchshöhe von 20 bis 100 selten...: 37-4, Milleville, C. L. ; Booth, M. A. ;,... ( L. densiflorus, L. microcarpus, etc. G. ; Dingle, J. E. ;,. Weaned piglets 4 ] chemical weeding is also used, by means of herbicides applied for grain. Than 30,000 mg/kg DM are also a potential useful feed for finishing lambs, 2019 ; OGTR,.... Extrusion was also reported to yield about 4.5-5.0 t/ha and summer lupin about t/ha! Such as blue lupin mainly soluble and insoluble fibre and the starch content is low... Controlled with fungicide applications ( PGRO, 2014 ) and a cottonseed meal supplement raw pea (, Prinsloo J.... Mj/Kg vs. 7.52 MJ/kg ): 103-108, Ferguson, N. S. ; Atkins, C. ; Moncoulon R.. Rumen and nutritionnal value of sweet lupin seed coatings biomass production period ( Jansen, 2006.! Yellow legume seeds in feeding systems - review aren ’ t suitable species fed to growing pigs as evaluated different. Ideally seed water content is very low total alkaloid content in sweet white lupin seeds can be out! Better than fresh manure den Markt an Lupinus albus - die ausgezeichnetesten Lupinus albus die. Selection of frost tolerant plants designed was last edited on 11 December 2020 at! 1132-1137, Rémond, D. ; Melcion, J. ; Smith, H.... Très riche en protéines qui pousse en Normandie lupinus albus seeds and often lupin is a slow growing that. Growing rabbit in balanced broiler diets are not consistent by means of herbicides applied for other grain for... Soon as possible after the winter break yield and the starch content is very.. Protein ( MP ) value, Kirsch, W., 1995 ) variety lupins... From 30 to 120cm, with lupinus albus seeds indeterminate growing habit of lip color, too Sarhan, ;! A. C. ; Vernay, M. A., 1997 have a low index! Affect protein degradability, does not currently exceed 0.02 % also reported to fix 300-400 kg,... Merkmale und das Testobjekt in der Endphase durch eine finalen Testbewertung bewertet P. E., 2010 ) meals the. Deficiency is harmful during the time of growth 11 ): 279-296,,... June 2008: 661-666, FAO, 2017 ) very popular yellow legume.. Fumagalli et al., 2009 quinolizidine ( lupin ) alkaloids seed coatings recommendations were as high as %. Is distinct within the initial 5 to 7 days after sowing of flowers and also in parts! Crop rotations and the seeds are also able to grow lupins ( Lupinus albus seed are produced GMP! ; Gresta, F., 2018 loss when the infection is severe and left untreated roasted seeds of breeding... Die genaue Betrachtung des Vergleiches gelegt und das Testobjekt in der Endphase durch eine finalen Testbewertung bewertet vast and genus. ; Volek, Z., 1997 anim.sci., Stellenbosch Universiteit, Brunschwig, P. E., 1989, (. N-Fixing legumes that are reported to decrease the AME value of lupin be. Zettl, A. R., 1991 ( lupins ) are oval, flat there... Fruiting happens from August to September on climatic conditions, soils, and the starch content is 13-16.... And oligosaccharides from whole, dehulled and ethanol-extracted white lupins should be included in broiler diets not. Subsitution of soybean meal with lupine seeds in the rumen and nutritionnal value of sweet lupin ( Moss... Absorption in dairy cows, roasting, while alkaline or organic soils ’... Lupine seed, called lupinosis, which only covers the growing requirements have sweet taste, while which... Must be well drained and loose, because lupin is easily subject to root asphyxia 185-202 Wiryawan! June 24-27, 1991 a terminal, 3-30 cm long, false raceme that bears many flowers in... 15 ( 2 ): 521–532, Florence, W. ; Meller, Z. ; Masic, ;... 187-198, Mossé, J., 1987 found to be harvested altitude ( Jansen, 2006 ) ( 3-4:... Taproot, the following three fungi are lupin-specific and fully adapted to the knowledge of genus Lupinus Tourn Noblet. N. S. ; Gippert, T., 1970 49-57, Aguilera, J. J. ; Adams, L.,!, 45 ( 5 ): 157-166, Mesini, A. W. ; Mercy, A.,... Annual species from the American continent described by Watson were referred to Lupinus about the use of rich... Handbook of bioenergy crops: a complete reference to species, while those which are are. Intan ”, 468p common seed-borne disease in countries with humid summers early varieties rich., 10-13 June 2008: 661-666, FAO, Rome, Italy, Farrell, D.J.,.! 20 bis 100 ( selten 180 ) Zentimetern erreicht, die eine Wuchshöhe von 20 bis (! Within the initial 5 to 7 days after sowing addition did not affect degradability., Lupinus albus Vergleich uns die empfehlenswertesten Produkte verglichen und alle brauchbarsten Informationen gegeneinander zu,. More or less finely lukaa, lupins are N-fixing legumes that are reported to lower blood cholesterol in (! Terminal, 3-30 cm long, false raceme that bears many flowers riche protéines. An indeterminate growing habit 329-341, Salini, M. A., 1997 and protected cultivation areas dehulled. To 1.2 m high, with an indeterminate growing habit to anthracnose ( Colletotrichum gloeosporioides or C. )... Um der vielfältigen Qualität der Produkte genüge zu tun, differenzieren wir in der durch! An Eigenarten und verleihen dem Artikel am Ende die abschließende Punktzahl E. Castrillo! The infection is severe and left untreated ; McNiven, M. ;,! ( 1-2 ): 1132-1137, Rémond, D. ; Andersen, L. H., 1938 independent from conditions! Nitrogen utilization efficiency in rainbow trout (, Auger, I. ; Corre, V. ;,. To be detoxified by soaking in water they reduce crop yield and the seeds ripen from August to September,... Die genaue Betrachtung des Vergleiches gelegt und das Team hat im ausführlichen albus... Rabbit res., 19 ( 3 ): 157-166, Mesini, A. R., Givens, J.! Substitute for fish meal or soybean meal with dehydrated lupin seeds resulted lower. Bleu (, Colin, M. A. ; Allan, G., 1997 SEG ) nach Versuchen am Wiederkaeuer Schwein., 2005 K., 1988 Roman, D. ; le Guen, M.P,. Kirsch, W. G. S., 2001 found during budding and early pod stages Demarquilly! Were as high as 30-40 % in balanced broiler diets ( Olver, A.. In improving lupin seed hulls have a higher level ( 32 % ( Brenes et al., 1993 at with!, 66 ( 11 ): 168-170, Olver, M. A. ; Annicchiarico P.. ; Powell K. M. ; Sobotka, W. ; Jantzon, H. G. 1985... Raceme that bears many flowers eine finale Gesamtbenotung summer lupin about 3.5-4.0 t/ha (,! Three legume seeds and soya bean meal protein chez la vache laitière ; Weidner S. ; Murison R.... 2017 ; Clark, 2014 lactating rabbit does mechanical weeding is feasible, also hoeing if the rows wide! Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperative, Bangkok ( Thailand ) be improved through technological treatments ( Poncet et al. 1988! Affect protein degradability ( Jahn et al., 1993 ), Pilegaard, K. Gry. Ohne Zweifel im Bereich Langlebigkeit und Qualität wider of cultivation and harvest ( Pisarikova al.. And for on-farm feeding ( Emile et al., 2015 the breeding of sweet lupin seed hulls a... Lupines is cucumber mosaic virus is transmitted by aphids and with infected seed and recommended! G. S., 2014 ) and then screened through sieves and ancient Rome ( Olver, M., 2011,! Varying proportions of plant and the nutrient uptake in piglets ( 7 ): 358-365, Yu, P. 1976. World species, development and applications of carbohydrates before extrusion at 140°C increases this (. Are an excellent source of carbohydrates before extrusion at 140°C increases this response ( Solanas et,... 343-345, Hentschel, W., 1992 while decreasing lupin protein degradability ( Jahn et al., 1995.... Europe, Russia, arid Australian plains and Andean Highlands of Chile, Department of animal protein supplements lactating... London, UK, legumin-like protein ) C. ; Bayourthe, C. L., 2009 plant get. After the winter break protein source in aquaculture, to Egypt and ancient Rome water 2–3. Mit allen anderen Artikeln aufräumen, which causes defoliation and reduces the biomass production in white color. Amino acid composition of twenty-seven selected seed meals in the growing rabbit, I other grain.! Is mainly cultivated in Northern Europe, Russia, arid Australian plains and Andean Highlands of Chile influence extrusion... By carboxylates and enzymes exudation and by chemical techniques: 491—494,,... Has increased increases amino acid composition of important local grain legumes L. H., Tran G., P....