They can be found in the tropical rainforests of Central and South America. The adult's elytra are green, gray or tan, with black markings, and the whole animal, including the male's horns, may reach 60 mm (2.4 in) in length. My son and some of his friends show a beetle we found. After the completion of this stage, the larva transforms into pupa. Hornlike structures on the thorax (region behind the head) and on the head of the male (usually lacking in the females) make it conspicuous. Figure 1. The total time for complete development ranges 19–21 months, and the total life span can be up to two years (Gruner and Chalumeau 1977). Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 22: 217-269. As adults, eastern Hercules beetles feed mostly on tree saps from various species of tree and any occasional fallen fruit. 2013, Ratcliffe and Cave 2015). The Hercules beetle, also known as dynastes hercules, is one of the largest beetles in the world. Monographie der Dynastinae (Coleoptera) 6. Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 28: l-346. I'll be boring you … ▸ When fully mature, the adult beetle comes out on the surface of the soil and goes in search of food. The Hercules beetle, Dynastes hercules (Linnaeus), is a dynastine scarab beetle in the family Scarabaeidae. The coloration of males can also change depending on humidity, with increasing humidity causing the elytra to turn black (Hinton and Jarman 1973). 2008) and have been observed feeding for up to 24 hours without a break, under laboratory conditions (Beebe 1944). The males of Dynastes hercules can reach up to 180 mm and are therefore amongst the largest beetles. Hercules beetles, Dynastes hercules, occur in the new world tropics of Central and South America. 2013). Adults generally feed on rotting fruit that has fallen to the ground (Rassart et al. 2013. The young feed on rotting wood. Ratcliffe BC, Cave RD. AnimalSake has compiled some interesting facts about this insect. Dynastes tityus, the eastern Hercules beetle, is a species of rhinoceros beetle that lives in the Eastern United States. 2013. 2013), and different treatments can be found throughout the literature (Ratcliffe 2003, Ratcliffe and Cave 2006, Dutrillaux and Dutrillaux 2013, Ratcliffe et al. Rhinoceros beetles are herbivorous insects named for the horn-like projections on and around the males' heads. Ratcliffe and Cave (2013, 2015) mentioned that most specimens are captured at light traps between 3:00 and 5:00 AM. Photographs by Ronald D. Cave, University of Florida. Body size, large horn size, and coloration make male Dynastes hercules easy to distinguish from other Dynastes species. The Dynastinae of the World. 2013, Ratcliffe and Cave 2015). These beetles are known to possess enormous strength, and therefore get the name ‘Hercules’. Description: Beetles are about 1-½ to 2-½ inches long and colored yellowish or greenish-gray with brown to black spots, rarely are they reddish- brown. It undergoes complete metamorphosis with the following stages: Egg stage: This is the initial stage of the life cycle which lasts for about a month. The beetle can be an earthy yellow color, or it may appear almost completely black, depending on how wet the beetle is. 2. GENERAL: The Easter Hercules, also known as the Rhinoceros Beetle is one of the heaviest and longest beetles in the United States weighing 0.70 ounces which is about the same as a mouse and can … Another name given to some of these insects is the Hercules beetle, because they possess a strength of Herculean proportion. Later, the pupa transforms into a fully grown adult beetle. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. approximately for 2~3 weeks and slowed down process. Adult Male Eastern Hercules Beetle - Scarabaeidae Family - Dynastes tityus Their Wild Natural Diet Is Tree Sap From Young Saplings Instead of a mantis or spider this year, I have a Rhinoceros aka Unicorn Beetle for an insect pet. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111: 14484-14488. The body of males (Figures 1 and 2) is black with the exception of the elytra, which can have shades of olive and have a black suture with sparsely distributed black spots (Ratcliffe 2003, Ratcliffe and Cave 2006, Ratcliffe et al. The females, though longer than the males, appear shorter because they lack horns. Common Name: Eastern Hercules beetle;Elephant beetle or ox beetle Scientific Name: Dynastes tityus (Linneaus) (top); Strategus aloeus (Linnaeus) (bottom) Order: Coleoptera. After this stage is over, the egg hatches into a larva. At present, the Hercules beetle is enlisted as an endangered species. (gr = Dynastes grantii, ty = Dynastes tityus, hy = Dynastes hyllus, mo = Dynastes moroni, ma = Dynastes maya, sep = Dynastes hercules septentrionalis, her = Dynastes hercules hercules, rei = Dynastes hercules reidi, tri = Dynastes hercules trinidadensis, blu = Dynastes hercules bleuzeni, occ = Dynastes hercules occidentalis, lic = Dynastes hercules lichyi, ecu = Dynastes hercules ecuatorianus, mor = Dynastes hercules morishimai, pas = Dynastes hercules paschoali). ▸ Adults, unlike the larvae, consume both rotting and mellow fruits. The grubs feed on decaying wood from various trees. The speckled and horned Eastern Hercules Beetle is a Scarab Beetle that is as strong and large as a rhinoceros compared to other beetles… Ratcliffe BC, Cave RD. Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 16: l-506. They emerge in the summer and live for 6-8 months. The Callosobruchus Maculatus can live up to 10 – 14 days whereas Eastern Hercules beetles can live up to 3 – 6 months. Larval stage: This stage lasts from 6 months to a year. Larvae have been observed in trunks of Chrysobalanaceae (Licania ternatensis Hook. Rhinoceros beetle, (subfamily Dynastinae), also called elephant beetle, Hercules beetle, or Atlas beetle, any of numerous species of beetles, some of which are among the largest beetles on Earth, named for the impressive hornlike structures on the frontal portions of males. f. ex Duss), Phyllanthaceae (Amanoa caribaea Krug & Urb. During this stage, the larva goes underground and survives on decaying wood. : Facts, lifespan, habitat, diet, care, breeding, larvae, where to buy, Hercules beetle all covered. The Hercules beetle is an omnivorous animal but it;’s diet both in its larvae and adult stages, is primarily made up of decaying plant matter. 2014). The dynastine scarab beetles of the West Indies (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Adults are crepuscular or nocturnal fliers and their peak activity is just before daybreak (Ratcliffe et al. ▸ Adult males have two large horns (pincers) protruding from their thorax and head. Populations of Dynastes hercules can be found in pockets of montane and lowland rainforest in Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru (Figure 4) (Rassart et al. The winner gets to mate with the female. This sort of data can be useful in seeing concentrations of a particular species over the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Wait until color of body darkened and give another a week or two to start feeding. Where to find: Often come into lights. Eastern Hercules beetles begin breeding in the spring after emerging from the soil. The bark beetle has been accused of destroying millions of acres of conifer trees, and turning a blanket of green into a blanket of rust red. About a month later, the eggs hatch into larvae. Adult minor male Hercules beetle, Dynastes hercules (Linnaeus), lateral view. Fermented with rich ingredients (protein, vitamin and etc.) These larvae feed on decomposing wood. The status of the South American subspecies is uncertain, and more research is needed to solve this taxonomic uncertainty (Ratcliffe 2003, Ratcliffe and Cave 2006, Ratcliffe et al. Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 27: l-666. ▸ Despite their large size and relatively more weight, these beetles can fly. Keeping pet beetles and their larvae is generally easy to do, when you know what they need. Females might be confused with females of the reddish-brown stag beetle but have darker legs and a smooth thorax shield. Willd.) The egg has an average incubation period of 27.7 days, followed by three instars (Figure 5), which on average complete development in 50 days (first instar), 56 days (second instar), and 450 days (third instar) at 25±1°C (Gruner and Chalumeau 1977). Figure 6. The most distinctive feature of the Hercules beetle is the large pair of horn-like pincers on the males. The Eastern Hercules Beetle is also know by these common names: Elephant Beetle, and Ox Beetle. Females are dark in color and do not have horns (Figure 3). They are even seen in parts of the Caribbean, namely Guadeloupe and the Dominican Republic. The green coloration with black spots is distinctive. Physiological colour change in the elytra of the Hercules beetle. They feed on rotting wood and other decaying plant material. A recent study using multiple data types suggests that several subspecies deserve species status (Huang and Knowles 2015). Three subspecies are recognized: Dynastes hercules hercules (Linnaeus) (Guadeloupe and Dominica), Dynastes hercules reidi Chalumeau (Martinique and St. Lucia), and Dynastes hercules septentrionalis Lachaume (Mesoamerica) (Ratcliffe et al. 2006. Sometimes, they can grow longer than the male’s body. Males possess thoracic and cephalic horns, which are lacking in females (Figure 1 and 3). Eastern Hercules beetle, (Dynastes tityus), a large, easily recognized insect of the Dynastinae subfamily of the beetle family Scarabaeidae (order Coleoptera). They can lay up to 100 eggs at a time. (Gruner and Chalumeau 1977). This website uses cookies to improve your experience. This video shows how you can raise the Eastern Hercules beetle, Dynastes tityus, at home. Structural adaptations to diverse fighting styles in sexually selected weapons. Conservation Status. These larvae feed on decomposing wood. Gruner L, Chalumeau F. 1977. 2008. Huang, JP. ▸ The Hercules beetles live underground as larvae for a major portion of their lives. Relationships: Larvae are raised in the heartwood of hardwoods. 2014). 2013, Ratcliffe and Cave 2015). The larvae of the Hercules beetle are saproxylophagous, this means that they feed on rotting wood, in which they also reside during the two-year developmental stage. Figure 5. Eastern Hercules Beetle (Dynastes tityus) Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Eastern Hercules Beetle. Dynastes hercules undergoes complete metamorphosis. ▸ They have horny front wings (elytra) which cover and protect the functional hind wings. The larvae of Dynastes hercules have an important ecological role due to their saproxylophagous life style. The beetle builds a pupal chamber out of its own feces and, in it, transforms. Hercules beetle, Dynastes hercules, larva. ▸ During mating time, the males have fierce fights with each other using the pincers to pick up and thrash the opponent onto the ground. I found a Dynastes Tityus, aka Eastern Hercules Beetle and I'd like to keep it as a pet. It totally depends on the different species of the beetles. The dynastine scarab beetles of Honduras, Nicaragua, and El Salvador (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). We hope you enjoy this website. Adult males continue to battle until one opponent either helplessly lands on its back, is injured, or retreats (Beebe 1944). Rassart M, Colomer JF, Tabarrant T, Vigneron JP. Diffractive hygrochromic effect in the cuticle of the Hercules beetle. More payment options Fully tested on Eastern/Western Hercules beetles, Ox beetles, Stag beetles and proved to be a suitable source for their diet and hydration i.e. The size of the pincers depends upon how much nutrition the grub received while it was growing. Figure 2. 2013). When fully mature, the adult beetle comes out on the surface of the soil and goes in search of food. Adults of some species can lift objects 850 times their weight. 800 pp., 46 plates. The dynastine scarab beetles of Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). The barracuda is one of the oldest species of vertebrates found on our planet today. Description of a new species of. The Hercules beetle can be found from southern Mexico south to Bolivia, and in the Lesser Antilles (Ratcliffe 2003, Ratcliffe and Cave 2006). The pupal stage (Figure 6) lasts about 32 days, while adults (Figures 1, 2, and 3) can live three to six months in captivity. The genus Dynastes MacLeay consists of seven species. The giant stag beetle is enormous, the males reaching 1½ inches in length without the mandibles, and nearly 2½ with them. Photographs by Oliver Keller, University of Florida. ▸ The females attract the males by releasing pheromones. (2014) compared the fighting style of Dynastes hercules with pliers, where the horns are used to squeeze and lift the opponent and subsequently toss him to the ground. Figure taken from Huang and Knowles 2015. The Hercules beetle inhabits lowland and mountain rainforests. ▸ Most commonly, they are found in tree stumps that they have entered from the soil below. The eastern Hercules beetle is closely related to the rhinoceros and elephant beetles. Type of Metamorphosis: Immature stages appear different from adults (i.e., complete metamorphosis) Beneficial Stage(s): Larval stages (known as wireworms). Hinton HE, Jarman GM. Ratcliffe BC. 2013). The southern Mexican border to west central Bolivia represent the species' northern and southern limitations, respectively. Sales of large laboratory-reared specimens of Dynastes hercules can result in prices upwards of $400. Fidget Spinner Games: Awesome Games, Challenges & Dares For Your Hand Spinner (English Edition) Welche Punkte es vor dem Bestellen Ihres Goliath spider facts zu bewerten gibt! Get in touch with us and we'll talk... Hercules beetles belong to the scarab beetle family (Scarabaeidae), which also includes Japanese Beetles, June Beetles, and Dung Beetles. 2015. Notes on the Hercules beetle, Dutrillaux B, Dutrillaux AM. 2015. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. The lifespan of a Hercules beetle is about 18-20 months. ▸ The exoskeleton of the Hercules beetle can change its color from green to black with increasing humidity. To know some more…. DIET: Rotting fruit and tree sap. It also depends on the habitat. essential for their growth and complete Metamorphosis. Are Beetles Insects? Adult major male Hercules beetle, Dynastes hercules (Linnaeus), lateral and dorsal view. The map below showcases (in blue) the states and territories of North America where the Eastern Hercules Beetle may be found (but is not limited to). Hercules beetle - WikiM Beebe W. 1944. Female Hercules b… 14. 2014. These beetles have rounded, convex backs, and their coloration varies from black to mottled greenish gray. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Biologie et élevage de, Hardy M. 2003. Lately, the rearing of large specimens of Dynastes hercules has become more popular, and breeders try to rear individuals with large body and horn sizes by providing them with optimal nutrition and conditions.